50 years ago in space...

50 years ago in space...(@sp50jbot) | Twitter

人類が月に降り立って50年、当時のイベントをリアルタイムで振り返るTwitter Botです。アポロ計画を中心に、1968年~1972年にかけての米ソの有人宇宙飛行および惑星探査のイベントについて当日同時刻ツイートします。自動配信型のBotなので原則的に@リプライはしません。

当時もしTwitterがあったら、という想定のもとで「その時点で起きていたこと」を元にポストしていますが、実際にその当時その情報をリアルタイムに知りえたかどうかについては、不問としています(たとえば、ソ連の宇宙開発については当時西側には殆ど知られていませんでしたし、本来ならばミッション中に撮影された写真は帰還後にならないと配信できませんでした)。また、参考資料などを適宜リンクしていますが、後年書かれたものも含まれています。ご了承ください。

Reference

General

  1. NASA Image and Video Library https://images.nasa.gov/ (accessed 2018-12-15)
  2. Project Apollo Archive’s albums | Flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/projectapolloarchive/albums/ (accessed 2018-12-15)
  3. "Press Kits". Apollo Lunar Surface Journal https://history.nasa.gov/alsj/alsj-prskits.html
  4. "1968 in spaceflight". Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1968_in_spaceflight (accessed 2018-12-15)
  5. "1969 in spaceflight". Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1969_in_spaceflight (accessed 2018-12-15)
  6. Timeline of Solar System exploration. Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Solar_System_exploration (accessed 2018-12-15)
  7. Orloff, Richard W. APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS:A Statistical Reference (NASA SP-2000-4029).NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/SP-4029.htm, *PDF https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029.pdf (accessed 2018-12-15)
  8. "Moondoggle: The Forgotten Opposition to the Apollo Program". The Atlantic. 2012, https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/09/moondoggle-the-forgotten-opposition-to-the-apollo-program/262254/ (accessed 2018-12-15)
  9. "ロシア宇宙開発史/Russian Space Anthology". スペースサイト!. http://spacesite.biz/russia.story.top.htm

USA

Apollo 8

  1. "Apollo 8 Press Kit". Apollo Lunar Surface Journal. NASA https://history.nasa.gov/alsj/a410/A08_PressKit.pdf *PDF, (accessed 2019-12-15)
  2. Apollo 8 Flight Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap08fj/index.html, (accessed 2018-12-15)
  3. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 8 Timeline", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_08i_Timeline.htm, (accessed 2018-12-15)
  4. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 8", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_08a_Summary.htm, (accessed 2018-12-15)
  5. Kluger, Jeffrey. Apollo 8: The Thrilling Story of the First Mission to the Moon. Henry Holt and Co., 2017
  6. Robert Kurson. Rocket Men: The Daring Odyssey of Apollo 8 and the Astronauts Who Made Man's First Journey to the Moon. Random House, 2018

Apollo 9

  1. Apollo 9 Press Kit | Solar System Exploration: NASA Science https://history.nasa.gov/alsj/a410/A09_PressKit.pdf, (accessed 2019-01-07)
  2. Apollo 9 Flight Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap09fj/index.html, (accessed 2018-12-15)
  3. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 9 Timeline", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_09f_Timeline.htm, (accessed 2019-01-07)
  4. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 9", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_09a_Summary.htm, (accessed 2019-01-07)
  5. ‘Not Supposed To Happen’: Remembering Apollo 9, 50 Years On (Part 1) « AmericaSpace https://www.americaspace.com/2019/02/24/not-supposed-to-happen-remembering-apollo-9-50-years-on-part-1/, (accessed 2019-03-05)
  6. ‘More Confidence Than Ever’: Remembering Apollo 9, Launched 50 Years Ago Today (Part 2) « AmericaSpacehttps://www.americaspace.com/2019/03/03/more-confidence-than-ever-remembering-apollo-9-launched-50-years-ago-today-part-2/, (accessed 2019-03-05)

Apollo 10

  1. Apollo 10 Press Kit | Solar System Exploration: NASA Science https://history.nasa.gov/alsj/a410/A10_PressKit.pdf, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  2. Apollo 10 Flight Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap11fj/index.html, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  3. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 10 Timeline", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_10i_Timeline.htm, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  4. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 10", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_10a_Summary.htm, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  5. The Apollo 10 Flight Journal - Video library

Apollo 11

  1. In Depth | Apollo 11 – NASA Solar System Exploration, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  2. Apollo 11 Flight Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap11fj/index.html, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  3. Apollo 11 Lunar Surface Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/alsj/a11/a11.html, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  4. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 11 Timeline", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_11i_Timeline.htm, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  5. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 11", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_11a_Summary.htm, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  6. NASA Image and Video Library

Apollo 12

  1. In Depth | Apollo 12 – NASA Solar System Exploration, (accessed 2019-05-13)
  2. Apollo 12 Flight Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap11fj/index.html, (accessed 2019-11-10)
  3. Apollo 12 Lunar Surface Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/alsj/a12/a12.html, (accessed 2019-11-10)
  4. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 12 Timeline", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_12i_Timeline.htm, (accessed 2019-11-12)
  5. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 12", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_12a_Summary.htm, (accessed 2019-11-12)
  6. NASA Image and Video Library
  7. Apollo 12 Panoramas by Mike Constantine
  8. Apollo 12 Image Library
  9. Category:Apollo 12 - Wikimedia Commons

Apollo 13

  1. In Depth | Apollo 13 – NASA Solar System Exploration, (accessed 2020-01-15)
  2. Apollo 13 Flight Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap11fj/index.html, (accessed 2020-01-15)
  3. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 13 Timeline", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_13h_Timeline.htm, (accessed 2020-01-15)
  4. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 12", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_13a_Summary.htm, (accessed 2020-01-15)
  5. NASA Image and Video Library
  6. Apollo 13 Image Library
  7. Category:Apollo 13 - Wikimedia Commons
  8. Apollo 13 | Flickr
  9. The Project Apollo Image Gallery
  10. Apollo 13: As They Shot It - The New York Times

Apollo 14

  1. In Depth | Apollo 13 – NASA Solar System Exploration, (accessed 2020-01-15)
  2. Apollo 14 Flight Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap14fj/index.html, (accessed 2020-01-15)
  3. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 14 Timeline", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_14i_Timeline.htm, (accessed 2020-01-15)
  4. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 14", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_14a_Summary.htm, (accessed 2020-01-15)
  5. NASA Image and Video Library
  6. Apollo 14 Image Library
  7. Category:Apollo 14 - Wikimedia Commons
  8. Apollo 14 | Flickr
  9. The Project Apollo Image Gallery

Apollo 15

  1. Apollo 15 Flight Journal. NASA History Division, https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap14fj/index.html, (accessed 2021-06-15)
  2. Orloff, Richard W. "Apollo 14", APOLLO BY THE NUMBERS. NASA History Division,2000, https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_15a_Summary.htm, (accessed 2020-01-15)
  3. NASA Image and Video Library
  4. Apollo 15 Image Library
  5. Category:Apollo 15 - Wikimedia Commons
  6. Apollo 15 | Flickr
  7. The Project Apollo Image Gallery

USSR

Venera

  1. "Venera: The Soviet Exploration of Venus" http://mentallandscape.com/V_Venus.htm
  2. "ベネラ計画(ベネラ1号、2号、3号、4号)". ロシア宇宙開発史/Russian Space Anthology http://spacesite.biz/ussrspace31.htm
  3. "ベネラ計画(ベネラ5号、6号、7号、8号)". ロシア宇宙開発史/Russian Space Anthology http://spacesite.biz/ussrspace32.htm
  4. "ベネラ計画(ベネラ9号~14号)". ロシア宇宙開発史/Russian Space Anthology http://spacesite.biz/ussrspace33.htm

N1

  1. "N1 moon rocket". RussianSpaceWeb.com. http://www.russianspaceweb.com/n1.html
  2. N1-L3計画(1). ロシア宇宙開発史/Russian Space Anthology http://spacesite.biz/ussrspace24.htm
  3. N1-L3計画(2). ロシア宇宙開発史/Russian Space Anthology http://spacesite.biz/ussrspace25.htm
  4. N1-L3計画(3). ロシア宇宙開発史/Russian Space Anthology http://spacesite.biz/ussrspace26.htm

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